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History

The 8th Tennessee Volunteer Infantry "The Camargo Guards"

Original 8th Tennessee

The original 8th Tennessee was organized in May 1861. The original 16th Tennessee was made up of men mostly from Warren Co. and was mustered into Confederate service in April 1861. The regiments were sent to training camp at Camp Trousdale, where a relationship began that lasted the whole war.

 

The 8th and 16th Regiments were sent to western Virginia and served under Lee in his unsuccessful campaign there. Their first action was at Cheat Mountain in September of 1861. They were then assigned to Port Royal, South Carolina in December 1861, and were involved in some skirmishing there. They were transferred to Corinth, Mississippi just after Shiloh in April 1862.

 

The 28th Tennessee Regiment was organized at Camp Zollicoffer, Overton County, during the months of August and September, 1861. The 28th participated in the Battle of Fishing Creek, January 19, 1862.  At Shiloh, April 6-7, 1862, the 28th Regiment lost at about 100 men.

 

At Perryville, KY, in October of 1862, the 16th Tennessee took 199 casualties. And both 8th and 16th Regiments captured Federal cannons.

 

Perhaps the defining moment of the 8th Tennessee occurred during the Battle of Murfreesboro (Stone's River) on December 31, 1862. As the battle rolled from the Confederate left to right, the 8th went in under the command of Colonel William L. Moore. The 8th overran the 19th U.S. Regulars, inflicting 400 causalities on the elite Union Troops, capturing 1,000 more and eleven pieces of artillery. The cost was heavy, though. Moore was dead and the 8th had lost 41 killed and 265 wounded out of 444 engaged, a loss of more than 68%. This percentage was the fifth highest loss incurred in a single battle by a Confederate regiment. It is important to note that not a single man was reported missing.

 

In the Battle of Murfreesboro, the 28th Regiment suffered 76 casualties, but captured the flag of the 9th Kentucky Infantry Regiment.

 

On February 16, 1863 the 28th was transferred to Brigadier General Marcus J. Wright's Brigade, composed of the 8th, 16th, 28th, 38th and 51st Tennessee Infantry Regiments, and Carnes' Battery. The 8th, 16th, 28th were together from this time on.

 

At Chickamauga on Sept. 20, 1863, the regiments were part of the breakthrough that cut the Union army into. At Chickamauga, Colonel Stanton of the 28th Tennessee was commended by General Cheatham for an act of daring and heroism in seizing the regimental colors, and leading his men forward at a time when it seemed they were about to falter and retreat. The flag received 30 bullet holes while Stanton carried it, but he escaped uninjured.

 

Following hard service in the Atlanta campaign, the regiments were with John Bell Hood's ill-fated offensive into Middle Tennessee. At Franklin, on November 30, 1864, they joined the suicidal charge against entrenched, cannon studded Union lines and penetrated the position just west of the Columbia Pike, near the Carter House. The Army of Tennessee effectively died at Franklin. The regiments retreated with the army to Alabama, and then embarked to North Carolina, joining up with General Joe Johnston's last stand. They surrendered and were paroled at Greensboro eighteen days after Lee surrendered at Appomattox.